Local, County & State Tax in Kentucky
Tax Information for Businesses
The major characteristics of local, county, and state tax in Kentucky relative to businesses are:
- State government collects a larger share of the total taxes,
- Cities and counties have limited taxing authority, and
- Property taxes are stabilized over time
The Kentucky Revenue Cabinet oversees the administration of taxes in Kentucky. Visit the Cabinet’s website for a list of publications available explaining the Kentucky system of business taxes.
State Tax in Kentucky
The basis of assessment for property (real and personal) taxes in Kentucky is 100% of fair cash (market) value as of January 1. The property valuation administrator (PVA), a locally elected state officer, assesses most classes of taxable property for the state, county, city, and other special districts generally once every four years.
- Boone County PVA
- Campbell County PVA
- Kenton County PVA
Corporate Income Tax
Kentucky and foreign corporations owning or leasing property OR having one or more paid employees in Kentucky pay an income tax on taxable net income. The maximum rate is 7%; the minimum rate is 4%.
Corporations pay Kentucky income tax on that portion of business income earned in Kentucky as determined by the state’s apportionment formula — the UDITPA formula with adjustments.
Sales and Use Tax
A state sales and use tax of 6% is levied on taxable goods and utility services at final sale and on tangible personal property leased/rented in Kentucky.
Major exemptions (industrial machinery; industrial tools, supplies, and raw materials; pollution control equipment; energy exceeding 3% of production costs; etc.) are available to business and industry.
Local sales taxes are not levied in Kentucky.
Other State Tax in Kentucky
Other state taxes that are applicable to business include:
- Corporation License (Franchise) Tax
- Motor fuel & highway use taxes
- Unemployment insurance tax (all employers)
- Taxes limited to specific types of businesses
Local and County Tax in Kentucky
Local taxing jurisdictions in Kentucky include:
- School districts
- Special taxing districts
These jurisdictions conform to state law on assessments and valuations. Local tax rates are set annually.
Occupational License Tax
Kentucky statutes allow counties, cities, and school districts to levy occupational license taxes on businesses and self-employed individuals.
Utility Tax for Schools
Northern Kentucky school districts levy a utilities tax at a rate not to exceed 3%.
Other Local and County Taxes
Cities and counties may assess other taxes and fees for fire protection, waste collection, auto stickers, business licenses and other special purposes.
Unincorporated County Tax Rates
BE NKY provides annually updated charts including unincorporated County tax rate (and City within the County tax rates), represented as dollars per $100 assessed value (unless otherwise noted). For incorporated areas, both city and county tax rates are applicable.
Annually updated tax rates for each county, and the cities within that county, can be downloaded on the right.
(including the cities of Florence, Union, and Walton)
(including the cities of Alexandria, Bellevue, California, Cold Spring, Crestview, Dayton, Fort Thomas, Highland Heights, Melbourne, Mentor, Newport, Silver Grove, Southgate, Wilder, and Woodlawn)
(including the cities of Bromley, Covington, Crescent Springs, Edgewood, Erlanger, Fort Mitchell, Fort Wright, Independence, Lakeside Park, Ludlow, Park Hills, Taylor Mill, and Villa Hills)